Indian Meat Industry
The meat industry production is estimated at 6.3 million tones and is ranked fifth in the world's meat production, accounting for 3% of the total meat production - a total of 220 million tones. With the volume of meat products produced in the country, the question of methods of increasing shelf life becomes extremely pertinent. Amid the advent of technology, sustainability of food items has always been of priority to the population.
Meat exported from India is risk-free, lean, nutritious and competitively priced meat. It has resulted in consistent, high compound growth rate in the export volumes. The importers of Indian meat are Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Australia, UAE, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. Uttar Pradesh has emerged as the major exporter of buffalo meat followed by Punjab and Maharashtra.
The major constraints in hygienic meat production are lack of hygienic facilities in slaughter houses, poor transport and cold storage facilities. Measures should be taken to increase the meat production efficiency using the improved management practices. There is huge potential in this sector for economic development of country through increasing exports so the policy makers should adopt critical measures at every stage to encourage and support this vital segment of the Indian agriculture.
Production of meat is largely an unorganized activity in India. Meat industry needs to aim high to grow at rapid rate to meet ever raising demand in domestic market and to tap the export potential.
Countries such as India, China, Brazil, and Russia are among the world's fastest growing economies. However, meat consumption patterns are expected to remain significantly different in various parts of the world because of cultural, religious, and other consumer preference factors. Additionally, due to an alarming growth of the global population, an increased demand and steady supply, along with unpredictable weather, have led to a rise in the prices of secondary raw materials.
Pathway to modernization and trade promotion
The meat industry is likely to grow at a CAGR of 8% over the next five years. The processed meat industry is growing even much faster at about 20%. There is huge demand for Halal meat, the market for which is growing rapidly throughout the world specifically in the Middle East. Besides India, Brazil, America and Australia have substantial market share in Halal meat industry.
Halal meat by-products in India include Casings, Crushed Bone Grist, Gelatin, Sausages, leather and other products. Among the focus areas for promotion of Halal meat production and trade are pre- and post-slaughtering procedures to ensure quality, livestock management and slaughterhouse automation and well considered strategies to increase Halal meat's share in global market.
Equally important are use of modern machinery, packaging solutions and tools as well as training. Per capita consumption in domestic market and increase in global demand have opened up new opportunities for Indian meat, fisheries and poultry industry. There is a need to adopt modern technologies in production, preservation, processing, value addition and consumer packaging apart from more investments in this sector particularly in the areas of upgradation of abattoirs, slaughter houses and other processing facilities.
The Union Agriculture Ministry's Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries is focusing on increasing the animal population and productivity as a thrust area, offering financial assistance to the organizations. The Ministry of Food Processing Industries has its own programs to increase dairy processing and value added products to target export markets. This would facilitate India to achieve its potential of becoming a "Food Factory of the World".
MeatTech Asia 2021